The Office of the Lieutenant Governor of Alabama, separate and distinct from the Alabama Legislature, was created by way of the Constitution of 1901. The Lieutenant Governor is first in the line of succession to the Governor and serves as President of the Alabama Senate.

The office is filled by an election of the people every four years and may be held for no more than two consecutive terms. Rather than running as a ticket as they do in many states, Alabama's Lieutenant Governor is elected separately from the Governor. The Lieutenant Governor - along with the Governor, Attorney General, State Auditor, Secretary of State, State Treasurer, Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries and the Sheriff of each county - serves as a member of the Executive Department of state government. The Lieutenant Governor must be at least 30 years old and is required to live in the capital city of Montgomery while serving.

As presiding officer, the Lieutenant Governor is responsible for convening the body into session, for the preservation of order in the chamber, and for the determination of points of order. The Lieutenant Governor also plays important roles in the appointment of Senate standing committees, the assignment of bills to those committees, and in the appointment of citizens of Alabama to various boards, commissions and authorities. In addition to serving as the Senate’s presiding officer, the Lieutenant Governor performs the duties of the Governor in the event of the Governor’s death, impeachment, disability, or absence from the state for more than 20 days. The Office of the Lieutenant Governor is located in Suite 725 of the Alabama State House in Montgomery, Alabama.